Posted by: irishhungercomm | December 13, 2018

DEATH BY STARVATION 37

Hunger in West Cork.

Death by Starvation 37

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Posted by: irishhungercomm | December 7, 2018

DEATH BY STARVATION 36

Evictions and Extermination in Co. Clare.

Death by Starvation 36

Posted by: irishhungercomm | November 29, 2018

DEATH BY STARVATION 35

Original letters for Beatification. We have since submitted names of victims from autopsies performed across Ireland and Census of Deaths reports from parishes to the Church leaders. The recent Beatification of the Armenian Martyrs by the Eastern Rite Church was approved by Pope Francis.

Death by Starvation 35 part 1

Copy of laws of Parliament allowing Irish girls to emigrate to Australia from workhouses. These girls had to be over 14 years and not over 18 years of age. Australia was a Penal Colony  at the time.

Death by Starvation 35 part 2

Articles about Souperism.

Death by Starvation 35 part 3

Death by Starvation 35 part 4

Posted by: irishhungercomm | November 15, 2018

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Proselytism during the Hunger. The victims were offered food if they gave up their Catholic Faith. they refused the bribe and died of starvation and related diseases with their families. They deserve recognition for their suffering and deaths. Bill Fahey

Death by Starvation 34

Posted by: irishhungercomm | November 8, 2018

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Starvation and conditions in Co. Meath.

Death by Starvation 33-1

Instructions for personnel in converting the Irish Catholics.

Death by Starvation 33-2

Comments by William Cobbett, Member of Parliament, concerning English rule over Ireland.

Death by Starvation 33-3

Posted by: irishhungercomm | November 1, 2018

DEATH BY STARVATION 32

Church missions to convert the starving Irish Catholics.

Death by Starvation 32-1

Starvation and conditions in Co. Mayo.

Death by Starvation 32-2

Posted by: irishhungercomm | October 26, 2018

DEATH BY STARVATION 31

Hunger conditions in Co.Kerry, Listowel Area.

Death by Starvation 31-1

Death by Starvation 31-2

Proselytism in Dingle

Death by Starvation 31-3

Posted by: irishhungercomm | October 18, 2018

DEATH BY STARVATION 30

Food exports as reported by Thom’s Almanac and Official Directory, 1851 Edition.

Death by Starvation 30-1

Census of deaths reports fromparishes to Church Officials, More starvation deaths

Death by Starvation 30-2

Posted by: irishhungercomm | October 11, 2018

DEATH BY STARVATION 29

Starvation in Ireland.

Death by Starvation 29-1

Food exports from Ireland to England

Death by Starvation 29-2

Posted by: irishhungercomm | October 5, 2018

DEATH BY STARVATION 28

Pre – Hunger Ireland – The Penal Laws.

Irish Trade suppressed and extirpated.

Death by Starvation 28-1

Death by Starvation 28-2

Posted by: irishhungercomm | September 27, 2018

DEATH BY STARVATION 27

Proselytism, Politics and Priests during the Starvation.

Death by Starvation 27

Posted by: irishhungercomm | September 20, 2018

DEATH BY STARVATION 26

Canon John O’ Rourke.”  The Great Irish Famine ”

Death by Starvation 26

Posted by: irishhungercomm | September 13, 2018

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Proselytism in the west of Ireland.

These martyrs were offered food if they gave up their Catholic Faith. They refused to give up their Faith and went through a slow Starvation process with their children for their Faith.

Death by Starvation 25

Posted by: irishhungercomm | September 6, 2018

DEATH BY STARVATION 24

Souperism and Conditions as reported by Rev. James Maher, DD,Carlow and Archbishop Slattery, Cashel.

Letters Rev. James Maher P.P. of Carlow

Calender of papers, Archbishop Slattery, Cashel

Posted by: irishhungercomm | August 30, 2018

DEATH BY STARVATION 23

Souperism in Achill and Connemara. Hunger History and Comments by Archbishop John Mac Hale, Tuam.

Death by Starvation 23

Posted by: irishhungercomm | August 15, 2018

DEATH BY STARVATION 22

Our Holy Father  Pope Francis spoke out in honor  and support of the Armenian Martyrs when the Armenian Church canonized those Martyrs. Surely it would be appropriate, timely, and most welcome if Pope Francis were, at the very least to refer to the Irish Hunger Martyrs and make some comments as to the suffering and the death of so many in such a horrible way during the Irish Famine and Great Hunger of 1845 – 1852. Our Holy Father, I applaud the work you have done and continue to do, I admire the courage it is most obvious you have. Can you, during your upcoming visit to Ireland, search in your mind for a way to  acknowledge the sacrifices and suffering so painfully endured by our ancestors on the very ground where you tread? Thank you and with respect… Michael Walshe

Pope Francis will be in Ireland on August 26, 2018 for World Family Day.Our blog has recorded the the horrific conditions endured by by the victims of the Hunger who died for their Catholic Faith. They were offered food if they gave up their Faith. Much food was also exported out of Ireland while they were starving. The names of some of these victims are on Inquest reports and Church records.

We have already sent in the names of over 28,000 people who support our request for beatification. If you would like to add your name and contact the Pope, please use the following e-mail addresses of the Papal Nuncios and our website.

http://www.irishhungermartyrs.org

Papal Nuncio Offices

U.S.A.                 nuntiususa@nuntiususa.org

Ireland               nuncioirl@eircom.net

Australia             nuntius@nunciature.com.au

Canada                 nuntiatura@nuntiatura.ca

Congregation for Causes of Saints ID # Prot. N. Var. 4482/97

Bill Fahey  http://www.irishhungercomm.wordpress.com

August 15,2018

 

Posted by: irishhungercomm | August 9, 2018

DEATH BY STARVATION 21

Starvation Deaths , Castlebar – Exports to England – English  debt to Ireland – Poor Law Guardian activity.

Death by Starvation 21

Posted by: irishhungercomm | August 2, 2018

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Proselytism and Conditions in Ireland during the Hunger, 1845-52.

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Posted by: irishhungercomm | July 26, 2018

DEATH BY STARVATION 19

Proselytism ( Souperism ) in Ireland during the Hunger, 1845-52.

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Posted by: irishhungercomm | July 19, 2018

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Destitution in Kilmeena, Westport and Newport. Co. Mayo.Destitution Kilmeena

Condtions in Co. Mayo.Conditions in Co. Mayo

Letter to Synod from Co. Clare Letter to Synod

Proselytism in the West, OuterardProselytism in the West

Posted by: irishhungercomm | July 12, 2018

DEATH BY STARVATION 17

Workhouse Girls Shipped to Australia. Death by Starvation 17

Posted by: irishhungercomm | July 6, 2018

DEATH BY STARVATION 16

Workhouse girls shipped to Australia, Hunger deaths Co. Meath.  Workhouse girls shipped to Australia

Kilkenny Union Workhouse mass grave. Over 500 childrens skeletons  studied. Kilkenny Union Mass Grave- 500 childrens skeletens studied

Letter from Catholic Clergy – Co, Cork.Letter from Catholic Clergy – Co. Cork

Posted by: irishhungercomm | June 28, 2018

DEATH BY STARVATION 15

Pre-Hunger Ireland, The Penal Laws. Pre-Hunger Ireland – Penal Laws

Exports from Ireland. Names of Starvation Victims from Inquest Reports and Census of Deaths Returns.Exports from Ireland – Names of Starvation victims

Conditions in Cos.Meath, Clare and the Religious in Co. Kerry.Conditions in Cos.Meath, Clare and Religious in kerry

Posted by: irishhungercomm | June 14, 2018

DEATH BY STARVATION 14

Canon John O’ Rourke book.  Canon John O’ Rourke

Conditions Co. Clare   Co. Clare

Priests deaths from fever   Priests victims 1

Poem by Oscar Wilde’s Mother. Poem, Famine Year

Posted by: irishhungercomm | June 7, 2018

DEATH BY STARVATION 13

Food, etc. for conversion during starvation.

Death by starvation 13a

Death by starvation 13b

Death by starvation 13c

Death by starvation 13d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Posted by: irishhungercomm | May 29, 2018

PRES. HIGGINS SPEECH, CORK COMMEMORATION, 2018.

Hunger Information

 

Great Hunger Suffering page 1

 

Page 2 Great Hunger

Posted by: irishhungercomm | May 22, 2018

HUNGER INFORMATION

 

 

Hunger Information

Posted by: irishhungercomm | May 10, 2018

FAMINE COMMEMORATION IN CO. CORK, 2018.

IRISH HUNGER CONDITIONS, 1845-51 WHILE VAST AMOUNTS OF FOOD WERE BEING EXPORTED OUT OF IRELAND. WORLD HUNGER TODAY STILL BEING TOLERATED AS CHILDREN AND OTHER PEOPLE STARVE TO DEATH.

Brutality of Cork’s Famine years: ‘I saw hovels crowded with the sick and the dying in every doorway’

In just one week in February 1847, 49 residents of Cork Workhouse died of hunger and dysentery. Visitors to the city recorded their shock at the sight of the dead and dying in doorways and ‘ragged spectres’ of people begging in the streets.

Laurence Geary of UCC’s School of History looks at the brutality of the Famine years in Cork and the seismic shock to Irish society and politics that lasted for many decades after.

 

The Irish Famine Memorial on the north quay in Dublin.

The Great Famine, which occurred between 1845 and 1852, was neither the first nor the last of Ireland’s famine experiences, but it was the most profound, and probably the most catastrophic event in our modern history.

The population had more than trebled in the century prior to the Famine’s commencement, from approximately 2.5m people in 1750 to about 8.5m in 1845.

Rapid population growth put enormous pressure on the country’s land and food resources, and reduced the impoverished peasantry, the bulk of the population, to a dangerous dependency on a single food source, potatoes.

In September 1845, the fungal disease phytophthora infestans, late blight, appeared in Ireland for the first time, and destroyed about one third of the country’s second or main crop of potatoes.

In the following year, blight returned and affected almost the entire potato harvest, a portentous occurrence that marked the commencement of the Great Famine in Cork City and county, no less than in the country generally.

The winter and spring of 1846-47 witnessed the utmost distress in Cork and elsewhere in Ireland. This was a period of extreme and debilitating food shortages, spiralling food prices, food stealing and food riots, and a grossly inadequate public works relief programme.

The resident population of Cork City was augmented by starving people from the county and further afield who swarmed into the city in search of assistance, “walking masses of filth, vermin and sickness”, as the Cork Constitution described them on April 24, 1847.

A register of Famine deaths from the Kinsale workhouse in 1847

These rural refugees scattered famine-related diseases in every direction and swamped the city’s limited charitable and relief resources.

Captain Robert Bennet Forbes, commander of USS Jamestown, which had arrived in Cork Harbour from Boston on April 12, 1847, with some 800 tonnes of relief provisions for distribution, visited the city in the company of Fr Theobald Mathew, and was shocked by the scenes he witnessed in the side streets and back lanes.

I saw enough in five minutes to horrify me, he recorded, hovels crowded with the sick and dying, without floors, without furniture, and with patches of dirty straw covered with still dirtier shreds and patches of humanity; some called for water to Father Mathew, and others for a dying blessing.

Forbes noted that hundreds of “spectres” stood about a police-patrolled public soup kitchen, begging for a portion of poor-quality soup. The city streets were thronged with beggars, with starving and sick children and adults, and, Forbes added, the situation was worse in the countryside.

The starving and diseased peasantry who abandoned rural Ireland did so because the land — and their government — had failed them, and the testimony of humane visitors to the worst affected parts of Co Cork attested to their distress.

On December 21, 1846, William Harvey and Joshua Beale, members of the Society of Friends or Quakers, left Cork City to investigate conditions in West Cork.

They discovered that provisions were in short supply in Skibbereen poor law union and in the surrounding districts, and the food that was available was increasingly beyond the reach of the poor because of the disjunction between wages on the public works and the spiralling cost of food.

Six weeks after Harvey and Beale’s visit, a resident of Aughadown, between Ballydehob and Skibbereen, informed the Central Relief Committee of the Society of Friends that the locality was “one mass of famine, disease and death”, and that people were succumbing to a complication of diseases.

The correspondent added that the dead were wrapped in calico bags and conveyed to the churchyard in a reusable coffin, colloquially known as a “trap” or “sliding” coffin, which was fitted with a hinged bottom that swung open like a trapdoor when released.

A succession of Irish, British and American fact-finding visitors to West Cork noted the absence of children’s games, the abandonment of funerary customs, the defilement and dismemberment of unburied bodies by vermin and dogs, the ubiquity of coffins, and mass graves, in effect social abnormality, whole communities in disarray.

Their testimony was corroborated in newspaper reportage and commentary. In mid-December 1846, a special correspondent of the Cork Examiner reported that the most extraordinary feature of the prevailing distress in the Skibbereen district was “the total apathy and singular indifference” with which death was regarded.

The register of inmates at Cork workhouse in 1848.

He claimed that the better feelings and sympathies that formerly characterised the Irish people had disappeared, and their familiarity with death had rendered them indifferent to its ravages.

An editorial comment in the same newspaper added substance and texture to the reporter’s palpable sense of shock:

“A terrible apathy, like that which oppresses a plague-driven people, seems to hang over the poor of Skibbereen … One scanty funeral is fast followed by another and that by another.

The dead are enclosed in rude boards, having neither the appearance nor shape of a coffin and are committed to their silent resting place in the night time, when no eye can rest curiously on the rude contrivance, or observe the absence of friends and mourners, and the want of all that ceremony so grateful to the pride and consolatory to the feelings of the Irish peasant.

The Examiner correspondent encountered “the same unaccountable and extraordinary apathy” in Bantry a few days later.

The general feeling among the people was that they were doomed, that they would be found dead in the fields or on the mountains without either the consolation of religion or the comfort of friends.

A similar miasma of fatalism hung over other parts of West Cork also. A report from Castletown Berehaven in mid-February 1847 noted the “anguish of mind” and “wretched depression” that afflicted the peasantry. The observer added that these feelings arose from a sense of inevitability, from a conviction among the people that they were “doomed to die”.

The Famine and its attendant diseases put the country’s relief and medical institutions under extreme pressure. The Skibbereen workhouse, which had been built to accommodate 800 inmates, contained 1,169 by the first week of January 1847, and 1,450
by mid-March.

Fever and dysentery were rampant within the institution and 104 deaths were recorded in the first ten days of March. In a period of just over four months — November 1, 1846, to March 10, 1847 — 728 individuals died in the workhouse.

In the second week of February 1847, 49 inmates died in Fermoy workhouse, where dysentery was “raging violently”.

About the same time, there were 5,300 paupers in the Cork union workhouse, 1,000 more than the recommended number, and mortality was increasing alarmingly.

There were 91 deaths in the last week of January, 127 in the following week and 164 in the second week of February, one every hour, and disposing of the dead had become a major problem.

The situation continued to deteriorate, and 757 deaths were recorded in the Cork workhouse in the following month, March 1847.

These institutional deaths contributed to the Famine’s overall demographic impact of at least 1m deaths from starvation and disease. The population loss that Co Cork experienced could not have been anticipated when potato blight first appeared in early autumn 1845.

The county and the country generally emerged relatively unscathed from the initial season of potato failure, but the winter and spring of 1846-47, following the almost complete destruction of the 1846 crop, was a period of terrible distress, perhaps the worst of the entire Famine.

Close up of the main entrance of Cork Workhouse, St Finbarr’s Hospital. Picture: M Murphy

During these months, fever and dysentery raged epidemically, their malignity intensified by the effects of starvation, and these diseases cut a swathe through the immunocompromised population of West Cork and other badly affected areas.

The government’s response to the failure of the staple food of the poor was determined by the prevailing ideology of political economy, and was grossly inadequate.

In the late 1840s and early 1850s, the people were confronted with a catastrophe of unprecedented dimensions and with morbidity and mortality on a scale never before
experienced.

The poorest and most vulnerable were stripped of entitlement and choice. For the more advantaged, there was the option of flight, and some two million people emigrated from Ireland in the decade 1845-1855.

Death and emigration reduced the population of Co Cork from 854,118 to 649,903, or by almost 24%, between the census of 1841 and that of 1851, although the city’s population increased from 80,720 to 85,745 as a result of the influx of rural migrants.

The demographic impact was the most dramatic and enduring of the Famine’s seismic shocks, but there were others — political, social and economic — that were to rumble for the remainder of the 19th century and into the next.

  • Laurence Geary, School of History, University College Cork, l.geary@ucc.ie

Laurence Geary has lectured and written extensively on the Great Irish Famine. This article is an abridged version of one that features in Niamh O’Sullivan (ed.), Coming Home: Art & the Great Hunger (Hamden, CT: Ireland’s Great Hunger Museum/Quinnipiac University Press, 2018).

The Coming Home exhibition continues at The Coach House, Dublin Castle until 30 June 2018, and transfers to Uillinn: West Cork Arts Centre, Skibbereen, July 20 to October 13.

We must never forget to remember

Alex de Waal

On the pavement outside my great-grandparents’ home in Vienna is the line, in 12 languages, “what happens when we forget to remember?”

Eighty years ago, my family was robbed of their house and their country for being Jewish. Today, no-one in the European countries that perpetrated such mass atrocities can grow up without being reminded, “never again”. Not so with famine.

There are a hundred memorials to the victims of famine across the Irish Republic, some of them in the centres of towns, others in now-empty fields and valleys.

There are more in the places to which the famine ships sailed — Boston, New York, Sydney, Liverpool. But there are no such memorials in London.

Those who walk by the treasury and the foreign and Commonwealth office in Whitehall will not have to look at any reminder that it was in those elegant chambers that mass starvation was perpetrated on the peoples of Ireland and India.

Should we forget that famines are manmade, that starvation is something that one person does to another, we are in danger of repeating the act. This is the basic lesson learned from studying the famines of the last 150 years.

About 100m people have died in 58 great famines since 1870, and three quarters of them starved either directly or indirectly because of human action.

Sometimes starvation takes the form of deliberate genocidal action — for example the mass murder by hunger and thirst of the Herero people of south-west Africa in 1904, or the Nazi Hungerplan that aimed to starve to death 30m people on the eastern front of the Second World War.

More often, famines are brought about by recklessness: The political or military masters of the situation simply don’t care whether people live or die. They have other priorities — rationalising agriculture or defeating an insurgency for example.

Rarely in the modern world are famines the product of natural disaster such as drought. There are indeed calamities that cause crops to fail and cattle to die, but no modern society is so poor or incapacitated that these hazards automatically lead to deaths from hunger.

For more than 100 years, we have been wealthy and capable enough to stop crop blights, droughts or floods causing famine: and when this combination occurs, we can be sure that political decision has determined where and how the burdens of hardship and hunger fall.

For a generation since Bob Geldof’s LiveAid in 1985, we were effectively reducing famines and famine mortality around the world. In the 100 years prior, there was a regular drumbeat of mass death, with ten million or so perishing every decade.

Since then, the fatalities from famine have been a small fraction of that number.

There are many reasons for this triumph, ranging from the tremendous progress in reducing poverty and infectious diseases, through the expansion of democratic and accountable government, to the growing reach and professionalism of humanitarian agencies.

The single most important reason for the decline in mass starvation has been the end of totalitarianism, colonialism, and wars of extermination. Therefore, this century, for the first time in human history, we have been at the threshold of prohibiting famine for good.

But in the last year and a half, famine has crept back. This isn’t because of global warming or malfunctioning food markets, still less because of overpopulation. It is because we have not cared enough to stop the men who inflict starvation from doing so. We are forgetting to remember.

Today’s mass starvation has common features: War and a callous disregard for the value of human life. Hunger sieges in Syria herald the return of the soldier’s ultimatum, “surrender or starve”.

South Sudanese militia commanders burn the villages of their rivals, and block aid to the fleeing people. Extremist rebels and government forces in north-eastern Nigeria fight a war of scorched earth.

In Somalia, a combination of drought, high food prices, corruption and conflict led to a major food crisis.

This came on the heels of the devastation caused by Somalia’s 2011 famine, which was caused by the same mix of factors, with the deadly addition that the US government decided to withhold food aid for fear that it might fall into the hands of the militant Islamist
insurgent group Al-Shabaab.

The defining famine of our age is Yemen. A civil war fought in a poor country, dependent on food imports, always risked creating hunger.

But the tight food blockade mounted by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, combined with their all-out assault on the country’s economic infrastructure as well as its hospitals and water supplies, have dragged an entire nation into famine.

Western countries’ priorities are revealed by their readiness to continue arming the perpetrators of famine crimes.

Is the tide of history turning against the humanitarians? The news is ominous, but today’s five famines and near-famines do not yet rank alongside the horrors of earlier eras. Our progress has stalled. It can yet be resumed, if we care enough to make our political leaders do the right thing.

As we commemorate the victims of the great English famine inflicted on the Irish 170 years ago, we should also evoke that memory to cry, “never again”.

When the citizens of nations vilify the perpetrators of starvation, and insist that the humanitarian imperative overrides realpolitik and profit, then we can at last effectively prohibit famine.

Alex de Waal is the executive director of the World Peace Foundation at Tufts University. His latest book is Mass Starvation: The History and Future of Famine (Polity Press).

Simple mud hut a stark reminder of how the poorest lived and died

Mike Murphy

It’s a stark reminder of how the poorest lived — and died. A simple mud hut — an bothán — has been recreated near the Quad in UCC, as part of the National Famine Commemoration event taking place at the college.

“For me it is really important to try and portray just how bad the conditions were for these people and in a way death was a relief for them,” said Mike Murphy, head of cartography in UCC’s Geography Department, who has been working on projects relating to the Great Irish Famine for over 20 years.

While it is impossible to show or comprehend the level of deprivation endured during these dreadful times, we want people to be able to walk into this mud cabin and see it from the inside, to see and feel the actual atmosphere to some extent.

Built by the buildings and estates staff at UCC under the supervision of Paul Prendergast and Ross O’Donovan, the hut was constructed by Christian Helling, Barry Krndellen, and their team.

“People died in harrowing ways. For example, the mother [was often the last of the family to die] and she was sometimes found dead just inside the door of the bothán, with the bodies of her family around her,” said Mr Murphy.

“As mother, she would have struggled to preserve privacy by closing the door and allowing her family some dignity in their final moments.”

The bothán is a replica of a fourth-class house which was classified in the mid-1800 census as “the lowest or fourth class were comprised all mud cabins having only one room”.

A mud hut like those from Famine times has been recreated at UCC. Picture: Tomas Tyner

The 1841 census records that Ireland had 1.3m houses, 492,000 were classified as being in the fourth class category. As many as 2m people were living in these conditions or worse in 1841. The majority of the misery associated with the Famine occurred in these mud cabins.

That sense of misery was captured by an article in the Cork Examiner of March 17, 1847:

“It being reported to the Constabulary of Watergrass-Hill, (Watergrasshill) on Wednesday last, that an unfortunate family of the name of Noonan, consisting of Noonan himself, a
labourer, his wife and child of 12 months old, living at Arnagihee, had died on that day of starvation.

“A few of the constabulary proceeded to the hut and found the unfortunate victims lying dead on the bare floor without even a sop of straw whereon to rest their wearied limbs whilst living.

The famished child even in death, was found clinging to the bosom of its unhappy mother; and no doubt, expired in its vain attempt to extract from that withered and dried up source the fluid that would have imparted vitality and nutriment.

“The constabulary, with most becoming humanity, made a public collection, with the amount of which they purchased coffins, and had the wretched victims immediately interred.

“In this locality, we are assured, absolute famine stalks abroad with fearful pace, as also in the localities of Gragg (Graigue) and Glenville; and if some steps be not immediately taken to meet the dreadful wants of the famishing population, the districts must ere long be tenanted alone by the dead.”

Between 1845 and 1851 the population of Ireland decreased by approximately 2m down to around 6m people — it is estimated that a million died during the Famine and another million emigrated.

Newspapers played a hugely important role in informing the greater population about the plight of famine sufferers in mid-1800 Ireland.

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01:50
Mike Murphy, cartographer in UCC talks about the significance of the mud hut in famine times outside replica hut beside the clock tower in UCC which will be on view next week to the public.

For example, in March 1847 Fr McCarthy, parish priest for Watergrasshill, wrote a letter to the Cork Examiner pleading with the bishop to provide relief for his suffering parishioners.

Fr McCarthy ‘s letter states: “On Tuesday, a man brought to my door a corpse of a Girl, about ten years old on his back, craving for food”.

The priest’s utter desperation and grief is obvious. It remains unknown if this letter resulted in any relief for the people of Watergrasshill.

Famine seems to be in decline but hunger and malnutrition still affect 815m people

Nick Chisholm

Famines are extreme events where people’s access to food is denied. The world had until recently almost abolished famines. What the world is not even close to doing is abolishing hunger and malnutrition.

According to the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), about 815m people in the world currently go hungry, in the sense of experiencing significant deficiencies in calorie intake; this number has increased recently.

A much larger number, about one-third of the global population, experience malnutrition: 2bn people have deficiencies in key micronutrients such as iron, zinc and vitamin A; a similar number of people worldwide are overweight or obese.

In 2015, the United Nations approved the sustainable development goals — 17 ambitious goals to address key challenges and move towards sustainable, equitable global development.

Ireland played a significant role in negotiating the sustainable development goals, co chairing with Kenya the process that brought them to final agreement. A key principle of the goals is to “leave no-one behind”.

File image showing the effect of famine on a Nigerian baby.

Some countries are already doing so. Take Ethiopia, a country which unfortunately became associated with famine in recent times as Ireland was in the more distant past.

The politically-induced famine of 1984-85 in Ethiopia resulted in about 600,000 deaths and received huge media attention.

Less well known has been the constant chronic food insecurity amongst many millions of households in Ethiopia struggling to produce enough food under poverty conditions of small landholdings, irregular rainfall, limited infrastructure and technology, and poor access to markets.

Tackling these deficiencies is the focus of long-term development efforts in addition to the humanitarian work required to deal with specific food crises.

Ethiopia has made considerable strides in the last two decades to overcome these deficits, mobilising internal resources as well as resources from external donor agencies including Irish Aid.

File image of Ethiopian Famine victims.

Rapid economic growth and substantial public investment in agriculture, social services and infrastructure have resulted in rural poverty falling from 48% in 2000 to 26% in 2011; the real value of agricultural output increased by an average of about 9% per annum over that period and contributed to the reduction in poverty.

A huge investment in social protection, the Productive Safety Net Programme, was introduced in 2005 and provides jobs, security and cash or food payments to up to eight million people in vulnerable rural households.

Ethiopia has also developed a rural jobs strategy with a major focus on enterprise and job creation for rural unemployed youth: A major challenge in a country where about 1m rural jobs need to be created every year to meet demand.

Many developing countries have not made the kind of progress seen in Ethiopia in recent years, however.

Protracted conflicts have exacerbated food insecurity in many countries, including Syria, Yemen, South Sudan, Somalia, Chad, northern Nigeria and Afghanistan: in 2017 about 124m people in 51 countries faced crisis levels of food insecurity and both acute and chronic under-nutrition, where women and children are particularly affected.

Resolving such conflicts is a difficult, necessary, but still not sufficient, requirement for dealing with food insecurity.

Long-term climate change, bringing more frequent extreme weather events such as droughts which impact on agricultural production, is also contributing to food insecurity.

There are no magic bullets to achieve zero hunger for all, but there are many actions that can and need to be taken. A key requirement is investment on a large scale.

It has been estimated that investing €1 in good nutrition can give a return of €16 due to improved life expectancy and productivity. Similarly investing €1 in preventing
and mitigating natural disasters has been estimated to save €7 in humanitarian relief costs.

Although there are many calls on global resources, investing in improving nutrition and livelihoods among today’s rural poor makes economic sense as well as being the right thing to do to ensure that no-one does get left behind.

Development of drought-tolerant crop varieties, use of precision agriculture, conservation agriculture and drop irrigation are examples of technological developments which save land and water use while potentially increasing output.

File image showing the effects of Famine on a boy in South Sudan.

The authors of the 2017 Global Nutrition Report point to a range of actions which could simultaneously deliver a range of benefits in the sustainable development goals.

For example, promoting diversification of food production can provide multiple benefits, from contributing to healthier and more diverse diets and producing crops more beneficial to the environment, to supporting women’s empowerment through promotion of food-based enterprises while ensuring that time burdens are reduced.

While improved food security requires increases in the right kind of agricultural production, improved nutrition requires actions across many sectors, including introduction of policies that promote good nutrition: This is a requirement in developed countries, faced with the growing problem of over-nutrition, as much as it is in countries which still suffer from the
problems of under-nutrition.

Ireland has played, and can continue to play, a significant role in addressing the challenges of hunger and malnutrition.

The memory of famine lingers on in Ireland and has contributed to the positive role played by Irish citizens, the Irish Government and Irish development organisations in responding to contemporary food crises.

As important as it is to respond to the food crises which regularly hit the news headlines, we also need to be aware of the greater extent of chronic hunger and malnutrition which exists, less well noticed, but which is also an affront to our claims to be a just world.

Now, as a new policy is being developed, it is important that the Government continues to show international leadership in committing substantial resources, in collaboration with a range of stakeholders, to addressing the major global challenges of hunger and malnutrition and to ensuring that there is a positive move towards achieving the sustainable development goals goal of zero hunger for all.

  • Dr Nick Chisholm is director of the Centre for Global Development at UCC and senior lecturer in International Development in the Department of Food Business and Development.

He is the organiser of the conference on Global Hunger Today: Challenges and Solutions, supported by Irish Aid, which will be held in the UCC Boole 4 Lecture Theatre on May 10 to 11.

http://www.ucc.ie/en/cgd/globalhungertodayconference

Famine online

The famine online project was born out of the Atlas Of The Great Irish Famine, which was published by Cork University Press 2012, edited by John Crowley, William J Smyth and Mike Murphy.

The project is a major collaboration between Geography Department, UCC and the Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht.

Deborah Lawler from DCHG and Charley Roche from the Department of Geography, UCC have been working tirelessly to bring this project to completion.

It will become an invaluable source of public history for current and future generations as it allows people to compare 1841 and 1851 census data for rural areas and towns for their locality, according to Mike Murphy.

The online resource gives access to users about how the famine affected the area where they live. With over 20 different categories including population, family and housing, occupation and education, for each civil parish (rural areas in mid-1800 Ireland) and Town in Ireland at the time.

Users can examine the changes that happened over the 10-year (famine) period 1841-1851. This is the culmination of almost a quarter of a century of work for those mentioned above.

The Great Irish Famine Online will be launched by Tánaiste Simon Coveney, it goes live on May 12 and will mark the commemoration at UCC.

Memorial events

National Famine Commemoration

A formal state National Famine Commemoration ceremony will take place at University College Cork on May 12, 2018.

President Michael D Higgins will lay a wreath on behalf of the people of Ireland remembering those who perished during the Great Famine.

Michael D Higgins at a Famine Memorial in 2016.

Wreaths will also be laid by Ambassadors to Ireland, the Lord Mayor of Cork, the Mayor of County Cork, the president of UCC and the president of CIT in remembrance of all those who suffered or perished during the Famine.

President Higgins will also unveil a commemorative plaque which will be mounted in St Joseph’s Cemetery, Cork, a burial ground which includes a number of famine plots.

To commemorate UCC’s role in hosting this event, an Arbutus Unedo or Strawberry Tree will be planted by President Higgins. The tree will be sited in the President’s Garden, UCC, a formal garden which contains historic plants dating from the foundation of Queen’s College Cork.

The community programme will include performances by the Vanbrugh String Quartet, Niall Valelly, Mary Mitchell-Ingoldsby, Bríd McGowan, Karan Casey and the Cork Penny Dinners/High Hopes Choir with the UCC Choir and UCC Choral Society.

Composer Sean O’Doherty has composed two new works, Fr McCarthy’s Lament 1847 and Professor Boole’s Farewell.

The ceremony will be open to the public and persons wishing to attend should arrive at UCC before 1.15pm. The formal state commemoration commences at 2pm and will conclude at 3.30pm.

Cork County Council Programme

Thursday 3rd May

Lecture: The Famine Commemoration Week 2018 an examination of the role of the local cemetery in the days after the July 1847 evictions in the town of Charleville, Co. Cork The Charleville Heritage Society.

For further information email: evelynkeeffe@yahoo.co.uk

Wednesday 9th May, 4pm, An Gorta Mór

Lecture: An Gorta Mór by Pat Gunn, Council Chamber, County Hall, Carrigrohane, Cork.

Admission Free. For further information email: conor.nelligan@corkcoco.ie or visit http://www.corkcoco.ie/arts-heritage

Thursday 10th May, 6.30pm. Skibbereen

Famine Walk of the town. Meeting place: the Courthouse, North St., Skibberreen and
finishing at the Heritage Centre at 8pm.

Admission Free, booking advised by email: info@skibbheritage.com or call 028 40900.

Saturday 12th May, 2.30pm Youghal, Co Cork

Unveiling of commemorative plaques in Famine related sites including the Soup Kitchen and Fischer House (used as a hospice during the Famine). Admission free.

Please meet at Barry’s Lane. Refreshments will be provided after the tour.

Email: kierangroeger@me.com

Sunday 13th May, 11.30am

Wreath laying ceremonies the ‘Famine’ Mass Graves in St Joseph’s (Ballyphehane) and All Saints (Carr’s Hill) Cemeteries.

Bus leaving County hall at 11.30 returning at 14.00 Saturday 19th May, 3.00pm. Walking tour of famine sites in Kinsale.

A tour of Kinsale’s famine related sites including workhouse, famine graveyard, Desmond Castle, and the location where grain was landed to relieve famine victims. Admission free.

Email: dermotryannews@gmail.com for further information.

 

Posted by: irishhungercomm | May 4, 2018

SAVING IRISH HUNGER GRAVES IN BALTIMORE. 4/28/2018

Saving respecting and honoring Hunger Victims graves in Baltimore.

http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/maryland/baltimore-city/bs-md-irish-hunger-monument-installation-20180426-story.html

https://www.archbalt.org/volunteers-help-beautify-cemetery-install-memorial-to-victims-of-great-irish-famine/31791239_10212076533819837_6185966316105498624_n

Posted by: irishhungercomm | December 20, 2017

Death by Starvation 12

Original material sent to Congregation for Beatification, 1997.

Recent letter sent to Cardinal Amato, Prefect of Congregation.

Death by Starvation 12

 

Posted by: irishhungercomm | December 7, 2017

Death by Starvation 11

Letter to Pope Francis Re: Armenian Martyrs. , Conditions Imposed on the People of Ireland during the Hunger, 1845-51.

Death by Starvation 11

Posted by: irishhungercomm | November 30, 2017

Death by Starvation 10

Extermination and Intolerance

 

History of Ireland and Acts of Bigotry

 

Death by Starvation 10

Posted by: irishhungercomm | November 22, 2017

Death by Starvation 9

Proselytism and conditions during the Irish Hunger, 1845-51.

Death by Starvation 9

 

 

Posted by: irishhungercomm | November 16, 2017

Death by Starvation 8

Death by Starvation 8

Conditions of Irish People during the Hunger.

Posted by: irishhungercomm | November 3, 2017

Death by Starvation 7

More information in support of the Beatification of The Irish Hunger Martyrs. 1845-51. Congregation # Prot. N. Var. 4482/79. Reports on Starvation in Ireland.

Death by Starvation 7

Posted by: irishhungercomm | October 26, 2017

Death by Starvation 6

Exports from Ireland to England: Inquests. Starvation in Skibbereen, Mayo, Clare and other areas.

 

Death by Starvation 6

Posted by: irishhungercomm | October 19, 2017

Death by Starvation 5

The Potato Famine and the Irish Emigration, B.F. Speed

Great_Hunger.19

Posted by: irishhungercomm | September 13, 2017

DEATH BY STARVATION – 4

Part 4 Irish Hunger Martyrs

Reports from clergy on conditions.

Subjects: Conditions in Killaloe, Meath,Ardagh,Armagh, Partry, Mayo, Cork.

 

Great_Hunger.12

Posted by: irishhungercomm | September 8, 2017

Death by Starvation – 3

Part 3                                        Irish Hunger Martyrs

PROSELYTISM DURING THE HUNGER

See Cardinal Cullen’s Pastoral Letter on Proselytism. He mentions the slow MARTYRDOM suffered by the victims. { p. 425 }.

The hunger victims were offered food if they renounced their Catholic Faith. There were Religious Missions sent over from England to convert the starving Catholics. They refused the bribe and suffered starvation and death for their Catholic Faith. They also had to watch their children go through a slow starvation process in a daily state of agony.

Subjects : Proselytism at various locations in Ireland, Conditions in Co. Clare.

 

Click here to read

Posted by: irishhungercomm | August 31, 2017

Death by Starvation 2

Part 2                                             -Irish Hunger Martyrs.

The attached document has some duplicate material

This information regarding The Irish Hunger, 1845-52 comes from old newspapers books and archives from research in Ireland and elsewhere.

Subjects: Death Census-Mayo. Longford, CavanGalway, Limerick.  State of Bantry,, Skibbereen

We are hoping to have the appropriate innocent victims beatified in Rome for their deaths and sufferings endured for their Catholic Faith.

Congregation For the Causes of the Saints. Prot. N.Var. 4482/97.

Please support this cause and. distribute this information to friends and contacts.

 

2nd_part_of_3 

Conditions in Bantry, Co. Cork

1-9-47

Destitution in Co. Mayo

3-6-47

Destitution in Skibbereen, Co. Cork

3-12-47

State of Ireland, Co. Tipperary

5-11-46

Relief Committees, Exclusion of Catholic Clergy

11-7-46

Posted by: irishhungercomm | August 23, 2017

Death by Starvation 1

Part 1                                               -Irish Hunger Martyrs.

This information regarding The Irish Hunger, 1845-52 comes from old newspapers books and archives from research in Ireland and elsewhere.

Subjects: Exports, State of Ireland -Tipperary, Famine in Ireland, Death Census – Tipperary, Tyrone, Waterford, West Meath, Meath.

We are hoping to have the appropriate innocent victims beatified in Rome for their deaths and sufferings endured for their Catholic Faith.

Congregation For the Causes of the Saints. Prot. N.Var. 4482/97.

Please support this cause and. distribute this information to friends and contacts.

1st_Part_of_3

 

Posted by: irishhungercomm | August 17, 2017

Thom’s almanac

THOM’S Almanac

Posted by: irishhungercomm | August 10, 2017

Introduction to Irish Hunger Martyrs

MANY PEOPLE ARE AWARE OF THE GREAT HUNGER IN IRELAND
THAT CAUSED WIDESPREAD STARVATION FROM 1845-1852.
mother.jpg (44821 bytes)St Patrick.jpg (31979 bytes)

HOWEVER, MANY PEOPLE DO NOT KNOW THAT, AT THE SAME TIME, IRISH FARMS WERE PRODUCING PLENTY OF OTHER FOODS INCLUDING CORN, WHEAT, BARLEY, AND BEEF.  THIS FOOD WAS CARTED AWAY, PAST THE STARVING MILLIONS, AND TAKEN TO ENGLAND.

SOME PROTESTANT CHURCH MISSIONS IN ENGLAND SOUGHT TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE SITUATION BY TRYING TO “PROSELYTIZE” THE STARVING CATHOLICS.

THE STARVING VICTIMS WERE OFFERED FOOD IN RETURN FOR RENOUNCING THEIR CATHOLIC FAITH AND CONVERTING.  DURING THE FAMINE THERE WERE MORE THAN 125 MISSIONS IN IRELAND FOR THE PURPOSE OF CONVERTING CATHOLICS.

letter.jpg (80704 bytes)WE HAVE REQUESTED THAT THE VATICAN BEATIFY THE IRISH HUNGER MARTYRS WHO REFUSED FOOD AND EVENTUALLY STARVED TO DEATH IN SUPPORT OF THEIR FAITH.  OUR REQUEST IS BEING CONSIDERED BY THE CONGREGATION FOR THE CAUSES OF THE SAINTS AT THIS TIME.  CLICK ON THE LETTER TO THE LEFT TO VIEW THE LETTER WE RECEIVED CONFIRMING OUR REQUEST IS BEING CONSIDERED.

WE HAVE GATHERED MORE THAN 28,000 SIGNATURES IN SUPPORT OF THIS REQUEST.  WE HAVE FORWARDED THESE PETITIONS TO ROME.

WITH THIS WEB SITE, WE HOPE TO EDUCATE PEOPLE ABOUT THIS SYSTEMATIC EFFORT TO STARVE THE CATHOLICS INTO CONVERTING.  WE HOPE THAT, UPON SEEING THE DOCUMENTATION, YOU WILL ADD YOUR NAME TO OUR PETITION.

Documentation | More Research | Petition | | Bio |

Posted by: irishhungercomm | July 29, 2017

Please tell you friends

Please forward this website to all your contacts. Also follow the site so you will be notified of new posts.

Wath for some information from Bill Fahey who never rests in his quest for recognition of the Great Hunger Victims

Posted by: irishhungercomm | July 29, 2017

Hunger Grave Markers

 

This is worth repeating. If you know of any unmarked Great Hunger graves please give details in the comments section.

Check here to see what Michael Blanch and others are saying about the campaign to give every Irish Hunger Victim a grave marker.

https://m.facebook.com/bilcar31/posts/10206703411732578

1 Comment

Posted in Uncategorized

Posted by: irishhungercomm | July 23, 2017

Research

New research by Bill Fahey

Despite the fact that detailed knowledge of  the Great Hunger was not  widely discussed  for many generations there are people who have kept the research alive. Bill Fahey is one of theses people and he and others like him who insist that respect for the Victims, of the so called Famine, be ongoing. Bill adds to his research findings every time he visits Ireland and he is currently working on a campaign to place grave markers in places where unmarked graves are found. On a trip, last year, he made contact with historians in County Kerry. Permission is now being obtained to place grave markers in this part of Ireland

Another goal that Bill has worked on, with passion,  for several years is a campaign to recognize the Victims of the Great Hunger with beatifification. Thousands of signatures have been collected in support of this and they have been submitted to the Vatican. It would be marvelous if Pope Francis would complete this effort by saying “yes” to the plea of Bill and others during his visit to Ireland next year.

Bill Fahey will be sharing details of his ongoing research so watch these pages for more.

From: http://www.IrishCentral.com

August 2, 2016

Don’t miss this.

http://www.irishcentral.com/roots/history/Refugees-tales-unearthed-most-significant-research-Great-Hunger-dead.html?utm_source=Mailjet&utm_medium=Email&utm_campaign=Best%20of%20IrishCentral%20-%202016-Aug-2

Posted by: irishhungercomm | August 4, 2016

Hunger Grave Markers

Check here to see what Michael Blanch and others are saying about the campaign to give every Irish Hunger Victim a grave marker.

https://m.facebook.com/bilcar31/posts/10206703411732578

Posted by: irishhungercomm | October 22, 2015

First Great Hunger Grave Markers for New York Unmarked Graves

 

The first International Hunger marker was laid at Richmond Terrace, Staten Island, this summer.

Staten Island, New York, is the first US city to place grave markers at unmarked graves in memory of the thousands of Irish victims of the Great Hunger.

An idea conceived by the Committee for Commemoration of Irish Famine Victims (C.C.I.F.V.), the community activist group that successfully petitioned for an Irish National Famine Memorial Day in 2008, the International Hunger markers have been placed at unmarked grave sites throughout the world. Until summer 2015, however, they had not reached the States.

On achieving their goal of a national remembrance day a few years ago, the C.C.I.F.V turned their attention to goals that would unite all victims of the Irish Famine wherever their final resting place may be and so began the C.C.I.F.V Marker Project. The project aims to mark all unmarked famine graves wherever they are found – on the island of Ireland, its islands and any locations overseas – and act as an affordable and easy way to respectfully remember all unmarked famine grave sites.

The project began in the US six months ago when local group Friends of Abandoned Cemeteries of Staten Island (FACSI) were contacted by C.C.I.F.V. The first US marker was placed in Staten Island Cemetery on Richmond Terrace this summer, a burial site that offered free burial for children under 2 years of age.

READ MORE: Burying the Irish Famine dead in Staten Island (PHOTOS).

The marker was installed by FASCI, a not-profit organization whose mission it is to identify, restore, protect and beautify the abandoned, neglected or otherwise forgotten cemeteries, with the help of Summer Youth Employment Program workers.

During the years of the Great Irish Famine (1845-1858) tens of thousands of Irish immigrants came to New York harbor, many of whom were found with disease and perished. The Marine Hospital and Quarantine Station operated on Staten Island from 1799 until 1858, checking all those who came into New York harbor for signs of disease before being let ashore.

Summer Youth Employment Program workers helping to erect the marker at Richmond Terrace. Image: Lynn Rogers.

Summer Youth Employment Program workers helping to erect the marker at Richmond Terrace. Image: Lynn Rogers.

The hospital saw many casualties among the Irish who braved the perilous voyage across the Atlantic in search of safer shores and the medical center came to operate two cemeteries to cope with the mass of deaths among starving and weak Irish immigrants.

Those who died were buried on Staten Island. No death certificates were issued, no cemetery log kept, and gradually the burial sites disappeared from all further records.

The first marker is placed in Richmond Terrace to remember the many Irish buried in an unmarked, multiple burial site at the back of the cemetery. During the time of the famine, many fleeing hunger and poverty lived in the Irish shanty town that had developed in the direct area of the cemetery. The shanty was constructed as a result of Irish immigrant families that were confined on Staten Island due to the quarantine station

Already at the entrance to Richmond Terrace stand two statues that originally occupied the grotto in St. Vincent’s Hospital donated by the Sisters of Charity, “In Memory of the Children.”

“In Memory of the Children.”

On October 25, the next marker is to be placed at the existing Irish memorial in Silver Lake Golf Course in a ceremony also organized by FACSI. The Silver Lake Cemetery was the larger of the two cemeteries established by the Staten Island Hospital and Quarantine Station, a place where it is estimated that over 10,000 people were buried during the famine years.

READ MORE: How the world remembers the Irish Famine.

The thousands of victims will be remembered in a ceremony conducted by Assemblyman Michael Cusick while Msgr. James Dorney consecrates the cemetery grounds.

The Staten Island Markers are produced locally by Bill Fahey who has also provided markers for Baltimore and Boston although Staten Island is the first place where the marker has been inserted into the grave site.

The second grave marker will be placed at Silver Lake Golf Course at 1pm on Sunday October 25 at the existing Irish Memorial located beside the restaurant. The event is free and open to all.

There are further hopes to install a third famine grave marker at St. George Court House in Staten Island in May 2016.

Lynn Rogers
October 18 at 2:00pm

Great article in today’s Irish Central on the Irish Hunger markers. Next installation Sunday Oct. 25 at the largest of the NYC Quarantine Cemeteries:
http://www.irishcentral.com/roots/history/First-Great-Hunger-grave-markers-for-New-York-unmarked-graves.html
First Great Hunger grave markers for New York unmarked graves
http://www.irishcentral.com
Staten Island is the first US city to erect markers at unmarked famine graves.

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